Saturday, February 7, 2015

Pashupatinath Temple Timing Culture and History

 pashupatinath temple in nepal
Pashupatinath Temple-Kathmandu-Nepal

Pashupatinath Temple:  Pashupatinath Temple Nepal's most sacred Hindu shrine and one of the greatest Shiva sites, is located on the banks of the Bagmati River 5 kilometres north-east of Kathmandu Valley in the eastern city of Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. Pashupathinath is the guardian spirit and the holiest of all Shiva shrines in Nepal. Lord Shiva is known by many different names; and Pashupati is one. Pashu means leaving beings, and Pati means master. In other words Pashupati is the master of all living beings of the universe. This is how lord Pashupati is eulogized in the Vedas, Upnisada and ohter religious books.

Pashupatinath Temple, with its astonishing architectural beauty, stands as a symbol of faith, religion, cultural and tradition. Regarded as the most sacred temple of Hindu Lord Shiva in the world.Situated amidst many other temples on the right bank of the river Bagmati about 5 kms north-east of Kathmandu . Pashupatinath is the guardian spirit and the holiest of all Shiva shrines in Nepal.

Fast Facts:

Location    : 5 km north east of Kathmandu
Category   : UNESCO listed World Culture Heritage Site.
Era            : Prior to 400 AD.

Unique Features :

* Only four priests, appointed by the king, can touch the idol of Lord Shiva
* The Priests are always from South India.
* It is believed that this tradition have been started by Sage Shankaracharya in 6th century.

Pashupatinath Temple Darshan Timing

Closed between 12pm to 5pm
All days of the week
4 AM- 12 PM
5 PM- 9 PM 

The Morning Puja are done from 5AM- 12PM. and 5PM- 7PM for Evening AARTI. Visitors are not allowed to enter the inner- most circle but they can see the aarti from outer section. Entering the temple means being your hands and legs decently covered. Jeans and short tops are not allowed under any circumstances. One has to deposit things like hand purse, leather belt and cameras before entering the pious place.

NOTE: Mainly Hindus are allowed inside the temple complex and not people of any other culture. Sikhs and Jains if they are from India are permitted if they are of India or are of Indian descendants. 

Best Time to Visit Pashupatinath Temple 

Visit during Mahasivaratri Hindu Festival (February or March each year, check date via Google) or during Sharavan, the holiest month, in July/ August. However it's very crowded during these times. If you'd like to avoid crowds visit from September to November: Great weather, quieter and also the best months of trekking.

What to see at Pashupatinath Temple

Pashupatinath Temple stands in the center of the town of Deopatan, in the middle of an open courtyard. It is square, two-tiered Pagoda Temple built on a single-tier plinth, and it stands 23.6 meters above the ground. Richly ornamented gilt and silver-plated doors are on all sides. On both sides of each door are niches of various sizes containing gold-painted images of Guardian Deities. Inside the temple itself is a narrow ambulatory around the sanctum. The Sanctum contains a one-meter high linga with four faces (chaturmukha) representing Pashupati, as well as images of Vishnu, Surya, Deva and Ganesh. The Priests of Pashupatinath are called Bhattas and the Chief priests is called Mool Bhatt or Raval. The chief priests is answerable only to the king of Nepal and reports to him on temple matters on a periodic basis.

Thestruts under the roofs, dating from the late 17th century, are decorated with wood carvings of member's of Shiva's family such as Parvati, Ganesh, Kumar or the Yoginis, as well as Hanuman, Rama, Sita, Lakshman and other gods and goddesses from the Ramayana. Pashupatinath Temple's extensive ground include many other old and important temples, shrines and statues. South of the temple, for instance is Chandeshwar, an inscribed Licchavi Linga from the 7th century, and north of the temple is a 9th century temple of Brahma. On the south side of Pashupatinath temple is the Dharmashila, a stone where sacred oaths are taken, and pillars with statues of various shah kings.The Bagmati River, which runs next to Pashupatinath.

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Thestruts under the roofs, dating from the late 17th century, are decorated with wood carvings of member's of Shiva's family such as Parvati, Ganesh, Kumar or the Yoginis, as well as Hanuman, Rama, Sita, Lakshmanand other gods and goddesses from the Ramayana. Pashupatinath Temple's extensive ground include many other old and important temples, shrines and statues. South of the temple, for instance is Chandeshwar, an inscribed Licchavi Linga from the 7th century, and north of the temple is a 9th century temple of Brahma. On the south side of Pashupatinath temple is the Dharmashila, a stone where sacred  oaths are taken, and pillars with statues of various shah kings.The The struts under the roofs, dating from the late 17th century, are decorated with wood carvings of member's of Shiva's family such as Parvati, Ganesh, Kumar or the Yoginis, as well as Hanuman, Rama, Sita, Lakshman and other gods and goddesses from the Ramayana. Pashupatinath Temple's extensive ground include many other old and important temples, shrines and statues. South of the temple, for instance is Chandeshwar, an inscribed Licchavi Linga from the 7th century, and north of the temple is a 9th century temple of Brahma. On the south side of Pashupatinath temple is the Dharmashila, a stone where sacred oaths are taken, and pillars with statues of various shah kings.The Bagmati River, which runs next to Pashupatinath.

pashupatinathTemple, has highly sacred properties Thus the banks are lined with many ghats (bathing spots) for use by pilgrims. Arya Ghat: dating from the early 1900s, is of special importance because it is the only place where lustral water of Pashupatinath Temple can be obtained and it is where members of the royal family are cremated. The main Pashupatinath Temple can be obtained and it is where members of the royal family are cremated. The main cremation site is Bhasme Hvar Ghat, which is the most-used cremation site in Kathmandu Valley. The preferred bathing spot for women is the Gauri Ghat, to the north. Across the Bagmati River are 15 votive shrines, the Pandava Shivalaya, which were built to enshrine lingas in memory of deceased person between 1859 and 1869.

Pashupatinath is Nepal's most renowned Hindu cremation site. In Hindu culture, after the person is dead, his/her body is wrapped in cloth and placed on bamboo litter and bodies are delivered by barefoot pallbearers accompanied by the male relatives. The eldest son from the family performs the cremation ceremony and the dead body is burnt. A few hours later the ashes are collected and swept in the river which will join the Holy Ganges eventually.

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How to Reach:

There are regular bus services from Kathmandu (from Ratna Park or City Bus Station) to Patan. It takes approximately 45 minutes to reach Goshala, the stop for Pashupatinath.

* Battery-operated Safa Tempo depart from near the Ratana Park Office in Kathmandu and drops the pilgrims at Ring Road, west of Pashupatinath. Thereafter, a tempo going to Chabahil or Bodnath can be hired.

Monday, January 19, 2015

Trekking In Nepal- where adventure attracts passionate trekkers.

Nepal is a mystical land that opens amid grandeur's of mystical landscape and topographical distribution. Surrounded by mountains and hills from all sides it offers an excellent trekking trails for keen trekkers and climbers around the globe. Trekking in Nepal is one of the popular choices for travelers from different parts of world. Trekking in the Everest region is a great opportunity of every passionate trekkers who is looking for an adventurous trekking experience while enjoying its natural splendor. Trekking in the Everest region takes you to the world of mountains and beautiful Himalayan region. The Terrain of the Himalayas offers number of stunning Trekking Routs. It will be unfair to name just a few of it as the best because each of the Treks has its own unique adventure and incomparable beauty. Mount Everest situated at an elevation of 8848 m, carries with it a majestic beauty bestowed by the nature. Here are the Most Fascinating Treks in Nepal..

Nepal Trekking Region
  • Everest Region
  • Annapurna Region
  • Langtang Region
  • Road Less Travel

Best Treks in Nepal
  1. Manaslu Circuit Trek.
  2. Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek.
  3. Upper Mustang Trek.
  4. Three Passes Trek.
  5. Dhaulagiri Circuit Trek.
  6. Annapurna Dhaulagiri Panorma Trek
  7. Annapurna Circuit Trek.
  8. Tsum Valley Trekking
  9. Annapurna Base Camp Trek.
  10. Makalu Base Camp Trek.
  11. Langtang Valley Trek.
  12. Upper Dolpo Trek

1. Everest Region: Everest Trekking is famous for Everest Base Camp Trekking as well as Peak Climbing. The prominent magnetism of this area are the majestic mountains, the high mountain villages, the isolated monasteries, and the local Sherpa peoples. Everest trekking offers you great opportunity to have unique experience. The Everest area is situated in eastern Nepal. It is protected by the Sagarmatha National Park, established in 1976 with an area 1148 square kilometers.

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The park is largely composed of the rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas altitude ranges from 2845 meters above sea level (9, 330 ft) to the top of the world, Mt. Everest at 8848 meters (29,028 ft). Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world, which is known in Nepal as "Sagarmatha" the goddess mother of the world, has long been the greatest attraction for nature lovers and trekkers alike. Solukhumbu, the heartland of the Everest region and an integrated part of the Himalayan mystique, thus provides a welcome destination for these adventure.

Everest regions become the demanding trekking destination for its fascination natural trekking destination for its fascination natural scenery and its boast many more spectacular and beautiful mountains, as well as some of the most rewarding trekking route not found anywhere in the world. Because of rewarding and unique Sherpa villages and Monasteries, this region gets its popularity all over the world. The main goal of many trekkers is the Everest Base Camp at an elevation of about 5340 m. From Everest Base Camp you will have the spectacular views of Mt. Everest. Everest Base Camp Trek is one of the most popular trekking destination for trekkers who would opt for an incredible trekking experience while enjoying its nature splendor.

Throughout this trek trekkers are overwhelmed with views of unbelievable peaks, Buddhist monasteries, and friendly Sherpa villages. As you proceed slowly to allow for maximum acclamation, you will have plenty of opportunity to visit monasteries and Sherpa homes of this region. Incredible views of Everest and the surrounding peaks are the inescapable fare while you ascend Kala Patthar.

i. Everest Base Camp

Nowhere in the world is more spectacular than in the Everest region. Everest Base Camp first conquered by Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary in 1953. Everest has traditionally been the ultimate goal for mountaineers. It is the highest non-technical trek in the world, in Top Ten Most Beautiful trekking destination as recommended by "Lonely Planet." It is where four of the world's six tallest peaks Mt. Everest, Mt. Lhotse, Mt. Makalu, and Cho Oyu rise everything else. The Everest Base Camp Trek is the grandiest walk in the land of the Himalayas. Trekking through the Everest region offers astounding mountains views, The trek further offers the opportunities to go sightseeing around Sagarmatha National Park, a World Heritage site that is home to a variety of Himalayan Flora and Faunas, to get a closer look at the highest Buddhist Monasteries in the world.

ii.Everest Three Pass Trekking

 Everest Three Pass Trekking in himalayan kingdom nepalThe Mt. Everest National Park has been a popular destination for trekkers and climbers since the very first expeditions to the Nepalese side of Everest in the 1950s. It is one of the most authentic adventure treks in Everest facilitating the crossing of 3 different high passes, Renjo La (5,388m/17,513 ft) Kongma La (5,535m/17,513 ft) and Cho La (5,380m/17,650 ft). Everest Base Camp Trek via crossing three high passes is designed for adventures. It is popular for its spectacular sceneries of surrounding mountains and the risk involved while crossing the glaciated crossing.

The high light of the trek is its three major passes which can be an experience of your life time. Three Passes of Mt.Everest Trek includes the crossing of the Cho La, Renjo La Pass and Kongma La Passes, and provides the a high altitude challenge for the hiker. This trek offers unique views of the spectacular mountain scenery in the Everest region. All three high passes and both mountain summits offer superb views of the snow capped giants of the Khumbu, including Everest, Ama Dhablam, Lhotse, Nuptse, Cholatse and Makalu. The universal scenery and solitude of these dramatic valleys are well worth the effort of this demanding peak.The Khumbu La Pass is the highest pass among them. Cho La pass is an Icy and interesting glacier crossing Ngozuma before the pass, whereas, Rengo La Pass is recently found by an experienced sherpas. Conceding the trek at Kala Patthar (5,545m/18,192 ft) will present you with the most fantastic panorama of surrounding eight-thousands (Pumori, Nupts, and Lhotse) and the closest sighting of Mt.Everest.

Best Time To Visit Everest: The best season to visit Nepal and Everest region is after the Monsoons that end in August, and before the Winter sets in. The months between September and December are the most preferred ones by the visitors. Post Monsoon Nepal Welcomes you with flower laden plains and brimming rivers. It is humid in plain at that time but it is still better than the scorching heat of the summers. It is best to visit hilly areas in summers; that is, the month of May and June. The average temperature at that time hovers around 22-25 Celsius. Night are bit chilly in the lower Himalayan region but are comfortable. Mountainous areas are extremely unsafe in the Monsoons. The persistent rains make the hilly tracts slippery. The landslides are very common in the monsoon.

In Winter most of the hilly areas become out of bound due to very heavy snowfall and avalanches. But if you are found of snowfall then you can opt for lower Himalayan regions that look beautiful in the blankets of snows.

2. Annapurna Region:  The Annapurna region of Nepal is a land so gorgeous, it’s long been the ultimate trekking dream for hikers. Here, the sacred peaks of Annapurna, Machapuchare and Dhaulagiri, shining with snow year round, tower over ancient rhododendron forests, icy rivers, and temperate jungles. You will also experience the ethnic and cultural diversity of the people in this region.

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The Annapurna region is situated in middle north Nepal and is defined by the Kali Gandaki River to the west, the Marsyangdi and Dudh Khola valleys to the east, the Pokhara valley to the south and the Himalaya foothills that run along the Nepal-Tibetan border to the northAnnapurna, which literally means "full of food" but is normally translated as Goddess of the Harvests. Annapurna region is one of the most desired trekking destination in the world with its most popularity. Having many highest mountains in their eyesight and beside them many trekkers praise the unspoiled beauty, its vast diversity and number of flora and fauna found. Not only the trekkers but the nature lovers also describe this region as the heaven for visits: The Annapurna region is home to several world-class treks, including the Annapurna Circuit, Annapurna Base Camp, Jomsom Muktinath Trek, Ghorpani Poon Hill Trek and many more.

i. Annapurna Base Camp Trek

 Annapurna Base Camp Trek in nepal
The Annapurna Base Camp trek is one of the most popular treks in the Annapurna region. The trail goes alongside terraced rice paddies, lush rhododendron forests, and high altitude landscapes, with the Annapurna Range in view most of the times.

The setting of the Annapurna Base Camp at 4130 m is unique and incredibly spectacular, set amidst the mighty peaks of Annapurna I (8091 m), Annapurna South (7219 m), Machapuchhre (6993 m) and Hiunchuli (6441 m). Annapurna Base Camp Trek combines some of the most spectacular mountain. scenery with fascinating insights into the lives of people in the Himalaya. Annapurna Base Camp 4,130 m (13,549 ft) is a rudimentary campsite on Mt. Annapurna 18,091 m (26,545 ft). The trek takes you through the Oak and RH.

ii. Annapurna Circuit Trek:

The Annapurna Circuit is regarded as one of the best trek routes of the world. Annapurna Circuit Trek offers you the perfect mixture of natural and cultural extravaganza. This trek combines trekking, hiking, sightseeing and cultural tour into a single travelling experience.Trek through the incredible Annapurna region and be awed by the Nepalese Himalayas. These snow-capped peaks, mist-shrouded valleys, isolated communities and remote monasteries will inspire those with a bold spirit and a yearning for a definitive nature experience. Reach altitudes of more than 5,000 m, discover the ancestral traditions of the local people and immerse yourself completely in the spectacular mountain wilderness of the Annapurna Circuit.

iii. Annapurna Panorma Trek

Nepal is one of the few places in the world that can offer awe-inspiring mountain vistas and incredible trekking. Annapurna panorama trek commonly known as Ghorepani - Poon Hill, which is located in Annapurna region, is truly called as all the best of the trekking in Nepal. The trek offers the spectacular mountain scenery along with charming villages inhabited particularly by the Gurungs & Magars, dense rhododendron forests full of birds and deep sub-tropical valleys, all set below the Annapurnas with the picturesque peak of Machhapuchhare (Fishtail Peak) dominating the skyline.

One of the important highlight of this trip is to make a climb on Poon Hill, possibly the most spectacular mountain escapes on Earth. When sun rises, it touches the snow-capped summits the Himalayan giants, Dhaulagiri (8,167m) and Annapurna (8,091m) along with a maze of other peaks, there gradually appear, just like magic that your eye could not believe.

Besides, during journey, you are rewarded by the natural beauties in your each & every footsteps.Annapurna Panorma trekking is one of the popular Annapurna treks to explore the greater Himalaya landscapes of northern Nepal. You get to explore and observe the authentic Gurung, Magar and Managi tribes and lifestyles. The trek starts from the lakeside town of Pokhra.

v. Jomsom Muktinath Trek

Jomsom Muktinath Trek beautiful trek in nepalThe Jomsom Trek, as it is generally called, takes you from Pokhara through the valley of the Kali Gandaki River to the pilgrim site of Muktinath. It's a part of the Annapurna Circuit trek as well. The physical beauty along the Jomsom - Muktinath trek is breathtaking. The scenery of the trail ranges from forests of brilliant red rhododendrons to rocky cliffs and desert of Mustang. The trail follows the Kali Gandaki River. This river forms the largest gorge in the world, on one side lies the Annapurna mountain range and on the other side is Dhaulagiri. Between the two ranges, there are views of 8 of the 20 highest mountains in the world.

The Kali Gandaki is a quarter of a mile wide river bed; during the winter the river is practically dry, but during the summer monsoon it fills with rain water and melting snow.

You can find fossils in the banks of Kali Gandaki river which is the sacred rocks for Hindus to pray. The culture among the trail is rich (mixture of Hindu and Tibetan Buddhism). The trail weaves through the Lower Mustang region of Nepal, ending at the village of Kagbeni, a Tibetan influenced village filled with prayer wheels, chortens and a Buddhist monastery. The trail's highest point is Muktinath at 3800 mtr, a holy site of temples sacred to both Buddhists and Hindus for centuries.

Muktinath (3,710 m/12,172 ft), a holy site revered by Hindus and Buddhists alike, is located in the Muktinath valley of northern Nepal. Hundreds of thousands of devotees visit the place for pilgrimage each year.

Manaslu Circuit Trek

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Manaslu, at 8,163 m, is the eighth highest mountain in the world standing isolated and yet in the very centre of the Nepalese Himalaya. To trek around the base of this majestic giant is to trek perhaps the very best of all the ‘best kept secrets’ of the Nepalese Himalaya. Not only are there exceptional views in every direction but the low-to-high range of altitudes presents such varied flora and, most noticeably, a wide cultural spectrum, including strong influences from Tibet mixing with Nepali ethnic diversity.

Manaslu at 8163 metres is the eighth tallest mountain in the World. Situated close to the border with Tibet, some 100 km northwest of Kathmandu, the valleys to the north and east of Manaslu were a restricted area until the early nineties when KE Adventure Travel were one of the first companies granted permission to take groups trekking into the region. This area has always seen relatively few trekkers when compared to the more popular regions of the Annapurna and the Khumbu and the simple villages, together with the stunning scenery around Manaslu make this one of the classic yet unspoilt trekking advenutres in the Himalaya. 

Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek

Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek in nepalKanchenjunga Base Camp Trek is an ideal trekking route for those with time and desire to venture into some of the remote regions of Nepal. Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world at 8586 meters, and is a magnificent peak striding the border between Nepal and India. Trekking in Kanchenjunga trail begins along the Tamur River through Pipal trees and villages where traditional life is little touched by the modern world. This includes those of the Limbu people, famous for inventing Tongba (the highland concoction made from fermented millet) and as the mainstays in the British Gorkha Regiments.

Passing through some of the country's most pristine oak and rhododendron forests brings you to harsher high terrain. Crossing the Mirgin-La pass at 4725 meters gives you views of Makalu, Chamlang and Everest. Next you will pass the glacier, and finally you are rewarded with an incredible, close-up view of Kanchenjunga peak as you approach the Kanchenjunga base camp at Pang Pema. Whilst exploring the surrounding area you will also see a panorama of Wedge Peak, The Twins, Pyramid Peak and Tent Peak.

Upper Mustang Trek

Image result for Upper Mustang Trek A vast expanse of rock; wilderness of huge proportions, Mustang opened only for selected organized groups since 1992. Mustang offers a truly exceptional opportunity to explore an area rich in ancient tradition and mythology. An almost treeless, barren landscape with a countryside similar to Tibetan plateau. In lower Mustang the hills tend to be great, red fluted cliffs, while upper Mustang offers an endless expanse of yellow and gray rolling hills, eroded the wind, which is prevalent in this area. The people here are Tibetan in origin and their way of life and spoken language reflect this ancestral lineage. The trek takes you to the walled town of Lo-Manthang, a visually extraordinary place, home of the present Mustang's King and full of beautiful temples and Gompa. 

Mustang is a mystic land in the rain shadow area of Nepal. Upper Mustang, with topography and culture resembling Tibet has many unique features and attractions. Mustang is an ancient Himalayan Kingdom which lies in the northern central part of Nepal and at the top of the Kaligandaki River. Upper Mustang consists of two distinct regions: the southern part and the northern where the languages, culture and traditions are alike to those of the Tibetan people. Upper Mustang is consider as one of the most interesting and picturesque places in Nepal. The whole area has an isolated and mystical feel to it, enchanting and inspiring visitors to this region. The major attraction of Upper Mustang is the walled city of Lo-Manthang.

Upper Mustang was a separate kingdom within Nepal until the time of Monarchy till 2006 and even after the downfall of Monarchy this small Tibetan settlement has the same respect for their King Jigme Paramal Bista. The trek to Lo-Manthang is through high altitude desert country climbing in and out of the huge sided valley of the Kali Gandaki. In places the gorge which the Kali Gandaki River runs through is the deepest in the world. This region is full of some of Nepal's oldest Buddhist Monasteries, ancient and isolated villages with quaint white washed houses.

Dhaulagiri Circuit Trek

Trekking around Dhaulagiri, the 8th highest mountain stands for an adventure into the wild. This trek has been designed to capture the best of Nepal's most popular trekking region, while avoiding the heavy traffic of the Annapurna Sanctuary trails. It's nevertheless a demanding and remote wilderness trek that completes a challenging circuit around the massif. The Dhaulagiri trek has you crossing two challenging high mountain passes, which are the French Pass at 5360m and the Thapa Pass at 5200m. The Dhaulagiri Circuit can be immensely rewarding as you are walking through the most beautiful scenery the world has on offer, though you do need a sense of adventure and an increased ability to deal with unexpected.

Upper Dolpo Trek

Lying in the rain shadow area of the Himalayas, the landscape of the Dolpo region resembles that of the Tibetan Plateau instead of the lush, green, monsoon watered hills elsewhere in Nepal, at comparative altitudes. The people, very pleasant by nature, are of Tibetan descent who follow the pre-Buddhist Bon religion. The Dolpo region was opened to trekkers in 1991. It is hard to match for its pristine beauty and rugged charm, where one can still have opportunity to meet the nomadic people and experience their life style almost untouched and unexplored. Phoksumdo Lake (3,627 meters), one of the highlights of the whole trek, is a basin of unearthly turquoise blue ,ringed by rocky crags and forest, framed by snow-capped peaks.

3. Langtang Region

Langtang is one of the nearest trekking destinations from Kathmandu and is an unparalleled combination of natural beauty and cultural riches. Langtang lies about 130 km north of the Kathmandu Valley close to the border with Tibet, China. It is Nepal’s first national park, and lies between the Himalayan range to the north, dominated by Langtang Lirung (7,245 m), the highest peak in the area, and smaller peaks to the south – Chimse Danda (ridge), Ganja La pass (5,122 m), Jugal Himal and Dorje Lakpa (6,989 m).

Langtang Valley, the sacred alpine lakes of Gosainkund, the rolling Sherpa farmland of Helambu, the Tamang heritage area, and all of these can be combined in many different ways to make a trek lasting from 7 days to several weeks. The Langtang area sees far less tourists than both the Annapurna and Everest region, however, it is equal in beauty and you’ll get to experience the “real” Nepal.

The Langtang Valley trek

 The Langtang Valley trek in nepalThe Langtang Valley Trek follows the river upstream through forests of pine, bamboo and rhododendron, ascending through pastures to arrive at the alpine meadows of Kyanjin Gompa, where you’ll get outstanding mountain views just a stone’s throw from the Tibetan border.

The trek here is more adventurous as the area is visited by fewer tourists. Apart from the spectacular scenery, a visit to the area is an opportunity to explore the lifestyle and culture of the Tamangs, whose craftsmanship, language, dress and houses bear their uniqueness. Langtang is also known for its many glaciers – of which there are more than 70 of varying sizes – and high altitude lakes that include Gosainkunda, Parvatikunda, Bhairavkunda and Dudhkunda. The forests in the region have temperate and sub-alpine vegetation. Wildlife includes migratory birds, deer, monkeys, tahr and pika. The Gosainkund trek climbs more steeply through farmland and above the tree line up an alpine ridge that offers a huge Himalayan panorama, to reach a rocky bowl studded with sacred high-altitude lakes.

Tsum Valley Trekking

Image result for Tsum Valley TrekkingThe sacred Himalayan pilgrimage valley “Tsum Valley” situated in Nepal mid western part of Gorkha districts nearby Tibetan Border. ‘Tsum’ derived from Tibetan word ‘Tsombo’ which means vivid. Traditionally, Tsum Valley was a currently distinct geographical area called 'Tsum Tso Chucksums', which means thirteen provinces ruled as a single territory. Beside the majestic backdrop of the snowcapped Himalayan ranges, this tranquil Himalayan valley is rich in ancient art, culture and religion. The local people of Tsum Valley are of Tibetan origin “Gurung ethnic groups” practice Buddhist religion, speak their own dialect and they have their own culture and custom. The varies altitude of Tsum Valley trek begins from 1,905m in Lhokpa to over 5,093m at Ngula Dhojhyang pass on the Tibatan border. The hidden Tsum valley is surrounded by the Boudha Himal and Himal Chuli to the west, Ganesh Himal to the south and Sringi Himal to North. Unique natural beauty, Mountains, Landscape, its pristine culture and Tradition similar as Tibet people of here are main appeal of the Trekking in Tsum Valley.

4. Road Less Travel
In most of the of the remote areas you will encounter a different world and actually see the real Nepal. Remote area trekking is the way to reach the natural, unspoiled beauty, rich cultural heritage combined with the spirit of adventure. With sustainable eco trekking you are also helping to support these poor areas while gaining an amazingly special experience of the real Nepal.

Eastern Nepal
The eastern part of Nepal is an untamed frontier, rising to a sheer mountain wall that includes two of the tallest peaks on earth. In the far east of Nepal, Kanchenjunga clocks in as the world’s third-highest peak at 8586m. Further west, mighty Makalu (8463m) comes in at number five. The foothills of these Himalayan giants offer some of the most exciting trekking that Nepal has to offer.

Trekking trails in eastern Nepal follow a series of melt-water rivers and streams, passing through a fascinating variety of landscapes – terraced rice fields, dense rhododendron forests, rolling alpine meadows and the desolate lunar landscape of the high Himalaya. The villages along the trails are home to a diverse range of tribal people.

Western Nepal

With languages and traditions quite different from the rest of the country, western Nepal feels in many ways like a land apart. The landscapes here are huge, broken only by the massive snow capped peaks of Api Saipal, Kanjiroba and Dhaulagiri, as dry waves of khaki-colored ridges spread through the Trans-Himalaya as far as the eye can see. The region hides some of the country’s best trekking secrets, including spectacular turquoise lakes, timeless Tibetan monasteries and spectacular high passes.

Border Regions (Restricted Areas)

Explorers, trekkers and borderholics have always gazed wistfully at the remote mountain valleys bordering Tibet. Long off-limits because the high-altitude valleys offer easy access to forbidden Tibet, the areas are said to be the untouched Shangri-Las and pockets of pristine Tibetan culture. The fabulous mountain scenery ranges from the high altitude Trans-Himalayan deserts of Mustang and upper Dolpo to the deep jungle gorges of Manaslu. Strict controls and high permit fees are supposed to protect the fragile environment and cultural integrity of these regions, and to provide security both for the safety of the trekkers and the protection of Nepal’s border with China.